1. SOMETIME between starting to work on his dissertation and submitting the manuscript to Duke University Press, Clint
Burnham underwent a metamorphosis or two. "I began to articulate myself in a more class- and sexuality-conscious manner,"
Burnham writes, "notably, dressing in that complex of parodic and working-class youth codes sometimes designated as skinhead
or grunge . . . made all the more complicated by my coming out and moving to Toronto's gay ghetto (where skinheads are as
like ly to be Queer Nation activists or leather dykes as street kids or neo-Nazis). Other changes in my body I have initiated
include an interest in body-piercing, recreational drugs, and bodybuilding...."
2. ENERGIZED, perhaps, by these extracurricular activities, Burnham completed the manuscript just published by Duke as
The Jamesonian Unconscious: The Aesthetics of Marxist Theory. In it, the buffed-and-studded critic uses Fredric Jameson's
dense, brilliant, and labyrinthine work in Marxist cultural theory as the key to interpreting Fredric Jameson's dense, brilliant,
and labyrinthine work in Marxist cultural theory. Burnham's reflexive critical performance includes readings of Marxism
and Form, The Political Unconscious, and Postmodernism, as well as Signatures of the Visible. As the book
jacket relates, Burnham's study also "draws upon an immense range of references familiar to the MTV generation, including
Reservoir Dogs, theorists Slavoj Zizek and Pierre Bourdieu, The Satanic Verses, Language poetry, the collapse
of state communism in Eastern Europe, and the indie band Killdozer."
3. EXACTLY how many members of the MTV generation are familiar with Slavoj Zizek is left unexamined.
4. ALSO unexamined: Late Marxism, Jameson's book on Theodor Adorno -- a Marxist cultural critic far more dense,
brilliant, and labyrinthine than even Jameson himself. (The experience of reading Late Marxism might be compared to
what one imagines entering a black hole to be like.)
5. ADORNO'S Minima Moralia consists of numbered fragments ranging in length from a few sentences to huge paragraphs.
6. BURNHAM'S The Jamesonian Unconscious consists of numbered fragments ranging in length from a few sentences to
7. AN ALLUSION TO ADORNO? Possibly, though one might in addition detect here some trace of a lingering nostalgia for the
Marxist tradition of writing numbered "theses" on political questions. (See, for instance, the documents of the Communist
International, or Guy Debord's The Society of the Spectacle.)
8. ALSO, the technique permits Burnham to change the subject very quickly, and as often as he wants. The effect, at times,
resembles a monologue by a well-read friend under the influence of certain recreational drugs. (See paragraph 1,
9. AT SOME POINT in writing The Jamesonian Unconscious, Burnham had an epiphany. He realized that, while a graduate
student, he had consumed "theory" as a sort of mass culture: "I had a voracious appetite for buying books, was almost a groupie
in the classical sense of that term, and so on...." There is an irony in this, Burnham says. "I come from a lower-middle-class
family -- my father is an officer in the [Canadian] military who rose up from the ranks, my mother was a bank teller. This
background was singularly lacking in cultural capital -- Reader's Digest Condensed Books, Hooked on Classics albums, and paintings
of fighter aircraft are still the major cultural artifacts in my father's home." Immersion in poststructuralist thought and
postpunk music was, then, his own private equivalent of the Great Leap Forward.
10. BUT theorists just want to have fun. Burnham is a punster. Judged by the norms of bourgeois academic discourse, section
titles such as "Can the Skatepunk Speak?" and "Homhi Don't Play That" would seem to be bad jokes.
11. MIGHT THEY NOT BE READ, though, as the emblems of some Canadian leftist-nationalist appropriation of the postcolonial
theory of Gayatri Spivak or Homhi Bhabha?
12. WELL, MAYBE. But faced with a reference to "branch-Derrideans," the reader groans. And not quite from jouissance,
13. THERE ARE MORE references to Louis Althusser and Gilles Deleuze than to Killdozer and Pavement in The Jamesonian
Unconscious. Yet the proper names of both theorists and alternative bands pepper its numbered paragraphs. "By eliding,
methodologically, the 'difference' between high theory and low entertainment," Burnham explains, "I can receive the greatest
possible returns on my investment of cultural capital."
14. FAR MORE memorable than the analyses of Marxism and Form or The Political Unconscious are Burnham's reflections
on being a theory junkie. Digging Jameson and Spivak is not that different, he insists, from a devotion to PJ Harvey or Deep
Space Nine. In paragraph 115, he describes the phases of commodity-packaging that theory has gone through over the past
twenty years or so. The New Left Books of the mid to late 1970s, with their "covers with Robert Natkin paintings that looked
like pastel burlap," were followed by the wave of volumes from Minnesota University Press and Routledge during the 1980s --
that "great era of . . . translations of every interesting or even uninteresting Continental theorist...."
15. SO, then, might we not seek to go beyond the Jamesonian reading of Jameson? Could we not turn Burnhamian analysis on
Burnham -- to inquire about the status of The Jamesonian Unconscious as a 1990s theoretical commodity?
16. The Jamesonian Unconscious appears in the series known as Post-Contemporary Interventions.
17. THE TERM "POST-CONTEMPORARY" is puzzling. During a somewhat protracted attempt to find out what it meant, I received
a long answering-machine message from an editor at Duke University Press. He said, among other things, that "post-contemporary
interpretation seeks to place the present within a historical narrative, while recognizing that the contemporary is always
already disappearing. Yet the present is, so to speak, always before us."
18. IT SURE IS. One has, nonetheless, a sneaking suspicion that "post-contemporary" may be not so much a concept as a brand
name. (Or even a gimmick: the theory consumer's equivalent of Crystal Pepsi). The editor at Duke finally admitted that the
chief criterion for a work such as The Jamesonian Unconscious appearing in the series is that the editors
found it interesting.
19. AS IT HAPPENS, one of the two editors of Post-Contemporary Interventions is Stanley Fish. The other,
remarkably enough, is Fredric Jameson, who presumably knows a thing or two about cultural capital..